Buddha Purnima: Buddha Purnima is celebrated to mark the birth of Lord Buddha. It is celebrated with traditional religious fervor in the city. The festival falls on the full moon day in the Hindu month of Vaisakh (April/May). On this auspicious occasion, a large fair is held at Sarnath and the relics of Lord Buddha are taken out for public display.
Mahashivratri: Since Varanasi is considered the city of Lord Shiva, Mahashivaratri festival holds huge importance here. It falls on the fourteenth day of the dark fortnight of Phalguna (February/March) and is dedicated to the worship of Lord Shiva. The festival is purely religious in nature and all Shiva temples of Varanasi are gracefully decorated on this occasion.
Makara Sankranti: Celebrated in the month of January, it is also one of the major festivals in Varanasi.multiple times by Mughal invaders and was re-constructed by Hindu kings who followed them.
· Kaal Bhairav Temple - is the temple for Kaal Bhairav - a dreaded form of the Lord in Shiva avatar symbolizing death. Its a tradition to buy a black thread (cost about Rs. 15 per 50 threads as of Sep 2009), sanctify it in the shrine, then wear it on the arm, wrist or around the neck as protection against evil.
· Vishwanath Temple - also known as the Golden Temple, security is tight making entrance difficult and sometimes completely off limits to foreigners. No bags, cellphones or pens are allowed. They can be deposited in the shops by the temple entrance. The temple was destroyed
· Nepali Hindu Temple - A small golden temple, built in Nepali architecture, near Lalita Ghat
· Alamagir Mosque - overlooking Panchganga Ghat, it's a great place for a bird's eye view of the area.